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Bronstein
Wie jeder russische Schulbub weiß – As every Russian schoolboy knows
Ursprung einer beliebten Schachphrase – Bronstein Links
Die Phrase „Wie jeder russische Schulbub weiß ... “ („as every Russian schoolboy knows ...“)
wird gerne verwendet, wenn ein Schachspieler fundamentales Wissen vermissen läßt.

As every Russian schoolboy knows, when you play ... f5 and White replies exf5, Black must recapture with the g Pawn to prevent White gaining an outpost on e4.“ S. 119
Michael Stean: Simple Chess. New Algebraic Edition. Mineola, NY: Dover, 2002.
Ein untypisches Beispiel:
As every Russian schoolboy knows, 2851 is a very important number in the world of chess. It's the peak rating of Garry Kasparov, and the highest rating that FIDE has ever assigned to a chess player. But all that's about to change! Magnus Carlsen's fine performance at the 2012 London Classic has positively ensured that he will be surpassing Kasparov's record.“
Chessgames Holiday Newsletter, 10. Dezember 2012
GM Jon Ludvig Hammer, Norwegen variierte:
„Any first-grader will tell you that if you have one square and two knights, that‘s not good.”
Jon Ludvig Hammer in „The Power Of The Bishop Pair”, März 2016, chess.com
Hans Ree, niederländischer GM, verwendet die Floskel gerne (siehe z. B. „Beware, TN!!“,
New in Chess 3 (2012), S. 75), aber auch der schottische IM David N. L. Levy:
As every Russian schoolboy knows, if Black can play the freeing break …d5 in the Sicilian, then his position is fine.“
David Levy: "II People vs Computers World Chess Team Match" (Bronstein Links)
As every Russian schoolboy knows, Black's strategy in the Sicilian revolves largely around his control of his Q4 square and his preparations for the pawn push PQ4.“ S. 171
„As every Russian schoolboy knows the correct response to a flank attack is a counterattack in the centre.“ S. 179
David N. L. Levy: Sacrifices in the Sicilian. 2nd ed. London: Batsford, 1980 [1974]
Gelegentlich wird der Ursprung dieser Phrase Gary Kasparow zugeschrieben, meist aber Michail  Botwinnik. Kasparow ist falsch, Botwinnik war es auch nicht, er war aber immerhin bei der Partie beteiligt, anläßlich der David Bronstein den Ausspruch erstmals nachweislich brachte.
In der Partie
Michail Botwinnik – C.H.O'D. Alexander, München, Schacholympiade 1958
nahm Alexander nach 11. exf5 mit dem Läufer wieder: Lxf5. Das veranlasste David Bronstein zum Kommentar: wie jeder russische Schulbub weiß, muss man mit dem Bauern zurücknehmen gxf5, vor allem wenn Weiß noch nicht rochiert hat.
Dazu drei Belege:
  • „England were beaten by the same margin as at Moscow [+0 =0 –4, as in the 1956 Olympiad]. Botvinnik won instructively.
    All the Russians were horrified by Alexander’s 11th move, after which his game was strategically lost. Bronstein remarked, with some exaggeration, that every Russian schoolboy knows you must recapture with the pawn!“
    P. H. Clarke: Chess, 1 November 1958, S. 30
  • „11 PxP BxP ?
    A grave strategic error which proves fatal. [...] ––and every Russian schoolboy knows this!“
    C.H.O’D. Alexander, British Chess Magazine, January 1959, S. 30-31
  • Augenzeuge Leonard Barden berichtete:
    „I was in Munich in 1958, and my memory is that Bronstein made the “schoolboy” remark. It is the type of phrase characteristic of Bronstein but not typical of Botvinnik. I can dimly recall Alexander retailing the criticism, with some zest.“
    Edward Winter: Chessnotes, Bronstein Links
Links
BronsteinC.H.O'D. Alexander
BronsteinMichail Botwinnik 
BronsteinDavid Bronstein
ICC Chess.FM presents: GM Yermolinsky's "Every Russian School Boy Knows" siehe unter Bronstein Yermolinsky
BronsteinDavid Levy (Schachspieler)
BronsteinDavid Levy: II People vs Computers World Chess Team Match
BronsteinHans Ree
BronsteinEdward Winter: Chessnotes 
GM Yermolinsky's "Every Russian School Boy Knows" – Episode 1
und viele weitere!
Video!
BronsteinAnfang

Lord Bronstein
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© by Herbert Huber, Am Fröschlanger 15, 83512 Wasserburg, Germany, 24.1.2017